What is VC? The lifecycle of a fund
I realize that, despite having kept this blog for a number of months, and using it to chronicle my learnings about venture capital, I haven’t actually explained what venture capital is or how the lifecycle of a fund works. I’ve dropped tidbits here and there but I figure its time to link this together in a full on post.
So here are some of the high points of how it works:
- Venture Capitalists (Sometimes called General Partners) look for commitments from High Wealth places (Banks, individuals, funds)
- Most funds operate on a 10 year lifecycle. You have five years to spend the commitments, and five years to return them.
- Usually 2% of the fund is allocated for salary, to pay employees, and overhead. Then there’s a 2% management fee (both of these are yearly). So on a $100 million fund, you have $80 million to invest, and $20 million to cover expenses (you have to commit it all by the 5 year mark).
- When you look at statistics, funds usually spread to a 3-4-3 scenario: 30% of fund investments tank completely, 40% are lifestyle businesses, 30% are “homeruns” if you’re lucky.
- Most funds commit to return 8% to their LPs at the end of the 10 years. The VC gets to keep 20% of what’s left.
In my next post, I’ll talk more about basic strategies around deploying funds, and what entrepreneurs should be aware of.